CLADEM was a copetitioner with the National Association of Democratic Lawyers (ANAD) and Irma Monreal, family with one of the victims to take the case to the Latin American Comission in the cases of Laura Berenice Ramos Monárrez, Claudia Ivette González y Esmeralda Herrera Monreal, who were murdered and their bodies abandoned in a cotton field (campo algodonero).
After a process through the Interamerican Comission and then up to the Interamerican Court of Human Rights, on November 16, 2009, the Court failed against the Mexican state, for not being able to garantee life, the integrity and freedom of victims in the case; of impunity against victims and their families; discrimination, violations of the rights of the girls involved in the case, and of harrasing families of the victims and therefore, violations to their human rights and integrity.
The sentence included 16 dispositions so that the Mexican state could do the reparation such as investigation and sanction of some of government officials who incurred in irregularities, a database on disspareances and women's homicides, the standarization of protocols and research manuals of these kind of crimes, to adequate their programs of attention to victims among others.
"Aside from the dispositions of the sentence, we find very important that the argumentation and reasoning points from the Court are fulfilled as well", said the lawyer who noted that Mexico's Supreme Court has stablished that Court sentences are compulsory to Mexican state.
"We have differences with the authorities, because they beleive that by fulfilling some of the sentence dispositions they are complying. For us, States have to develop an implementation process of the sentence", Angeles Lopez explained during an interview a the"Network advocacy: Challenges to State compliance with their Commitments to Women's Human Rights" that concluded today in Mexico City.
A pending debt for Mexican state are the guarantees of non recividism: "that means not aonther femicide, not another dissapreance, not another sexual attack", but the Mexican government hasn't even reached a reflection around a preventative strategy to avoid these forms of violence" Lopez Garcia explained.
To this date, we have very few sentences that condemn femicide, and general attorneys in the country say we have 'normal' figures". Orders for proteccion to victims are not being used, in spite of being a constitutional obligation, nor serious prevention programs "human rights-based programs, with legal mechanism and not plans where the recommendations are to go out with friends or lock properly your doors”, said Angeles Lopez.
Alejandra Galarza, also a CLADEM lawyer from Jalisco spoke in her presentation as well about the pendings of the Mexican state in the Campo Algodonero case and she understressed that numbers of murdered women in Juarez has been rising since 1993, influenced by a culture of women discrimination.
She also said that Mexico is going through a very violent context and that the dissaprance of women and girls is rising, with Jalisco, a state in the western side of the country, on the top of the list. One of the projects in CLADEM-Mexico is related to femicide, in order to achieve that victims protection protocols are applied. The main goal is to prevent femicide, not just to categorise it as a crime.
CLADEM is a feminist network that works to contribute towards the full enforcement of women’s rights in Latin America and the Caribbean, using the law as a tool of change. It possesses Category II Consulting Status before the United Nations since 1995 and is acknowledged to participate in the OAS activities since 2002.
The Seminar concluded today, May 10, with a political declaration from 80 participants from six regional networks and 54 NGO.